Quinault Harvest Management Program
According to the Quinault Harvest Management Program, the forests of the Quinault Indian Nation have always been a prominent element of its history. Until the past 120 years, tall and dense stands of Douglas fir, hemlock, spruce, and cedar blanketed most of the area from the crest of the Olympic Mountains to the water’s edge. The presence of these trees has shaped the economic development of the Quinault Indian Nation for centuries.
Although Quinault people did not harvest trees at the rapid rate of later lumbermen, they did actively manage the forests. The Pacific Coastal tribes used wood for harpoons, baskets, and mats. The red cedar was particularly important for the construction of homes and canoes. In addition, the Quinault people set annual forest fires in order to encourage the growth of certain food crops. For instance, they burned the forest underbrush to increase the supply of berries and camas. Setting fires also improved hunting opportunities by maintaining and augmenting the amount of open land used by game animals. Out of the forests, the Quinault people actively created an environment that sustained their communities.
Quinault Harvest Management is Vital
Forests are an important part of the Nation’s environment and economy. When they are well managed, forests provide clean air and water, homes for wildlife, beautiful scenery, places for recreation and products we all use every day. When they are not well managed, forests are often unhealthy and unproductive because of overcrowding, disease, insects, and competition for light, water and nutrients.
To maintain or improve the health and productivity of a forest and to achieve the objectives for the property, the Quinault Harvest Management Program uses a number of management techniques, including harvesting, prescribed burning and reforestation.
Trees are harvested for a variety of reasons including improving the health of the forest; controlling the types of trees that grow on the site; attracting certain wildlife species; providing a source of income for the landowner; producing forest products; and improving access to the area for hikers, hunters and other recreational users.
Quinault Harvest Management Methods
Just as there are many reasons for harvesting trees, there are many different harvesting methods. Each method has its benefits, shortcomings and conditions under which it is the most suitable way to harvest trees. No one harvesting method is ideal for all situations. These methods are:
- Thinning Harvest
- Clearcut Harvest
- Shelterwood Harvest
- Seed Tree Harvest
- Group Selection Harvest
- Single-Tree Selection Harvest
- Prescribed Burning
- Forest Succession
The Quinault Harvest Management Program harvesting methods that are used to cut and remove trees from the forest and is a vital part of forest management on Quinault lands. Harvesting methods vary greatly in their strength.
Clear-cutting is the most intensive system, involving the harvest of all trees of economic value at the same time. Strip-cutting is a system involving a series of long and narrow clear-cuts, with alternating uncut strips of forest left between. Shelter-wood cutting is a partial harvest of a stand, in which selected, large trees are left to favor particular species in the regeneration, and to stimulate growth of the uncut trees to produce high-quality sawlogs at the time of the next harvest. The least intensive method of harvesting is the selection-tree system, in which some of the larger individual trees of desired species are harvested every ten or more years, always leaving the physical integrity of the forest essentially intact.
Forestry Manager, Jim Plampin » 360.276.8215 x290
Forestry Harvest Manager, (Vacant)
Timber Sale Administrator, Justin Madanifard » 360.276.8215 x563
Pre-Sale Forester, Coleman Carle » 360.276.8215 x294
Additional Quinault Harvest Management Resources:
Bureau of Indian Affairs (Taholah Agency)