Mail:   Phone: 1-360-276-8211 x7001


Quinault Regeneration Program

Quinault Regeneration Program | Quinault Forestry Department
A candidate tree top is grafted onto root stock

The Quinault Regeneration Program is using science-based research and collaboration to keep the trees as well as the wildlife habitat of the Quinault Indian Nation forests healthy. Building timber harvest plans that minimize environmental impact, the Quinault Regeneration Program is committed to being stewards for the water, soil and wildlife of working forests.

The major goal of the Quinault Regeneration Program is to establish healthy, fully stocked stands within 2 years of harvest that reach free to grow status by the fifth growing season. The desired stocking at the time of planting is 400 trees per acre.  Species planted on the reservation consists primarily of Douglas fir, western hemlock, Sitka spruce, and western red cedar along with a smaller component of pine and alder in wetter soils.

Quinault Regeneration Stocking Levels

In the floodplains where conifer can be established the desired species mix and stocking levels will vary. Sitka spruce will be the primary conifer planted with a mix of red alder to lessen the impacts of the spruce tip weevil. The density of the two species will vary; the regeneration discussion is broken into seven components including:

  • Composition of species planted
  • Contract specifications and activities surrounding nursery stock
  • Planting contracts and monitoring requirements
  • Seed tree retention and selection criteria
  • Post-harvest regeneration monitoring requirements, site preparation and the need for fertilizer
  • Conifer release requirements and techniques

Other considerations when selecting species to plant include water drainage, amount of vegetation present or expected, aspect, location (e.g., floodplain or upland, coastal or inland), and browse by elk (larger planting stock).

Quinault Regeneration Program Nurseries

Quinault Regeneration Program | Quinault Forestry Department
Growing trees in the Quinault nursery

Nurseries are usually visited once a year in the fall to assess growth, morphology, physiology, vigor, inventory, and pack out and delivery plans. When the seedlings are delivered to the Quinault Regeneration Program, lots are sampled to measure stem height, root length, caliper, and general health and form of the seedlings.

Site preparation may be necessary to increase the amount of planting spots needed to meet reforestation objectives. On the Quinault Indian Nation (QIN) planting site prep is done exclusively through mechanical site prep and pile burning to create more planting spots by the removal of slash and brush. Use of herbicides is avoided on the QIN as forest lands are managed for many purposes and uses which include maintaining the health of other native plants, wildlife and fish.

Quinault Regeneration Seed Trees

Seed trees may be retained within clear-cut units on low sites to assist with the artificial regeneration program, and be either distributed across the stand at 2 to 15 trees per acre (if available) or clumped to facilitate regeneration efforts. If no suitable seed trees can be located, and if suitable seed trees are lacking around the stand edge, then the clear-cut area may be aerial seeded in conjunction with artificial and natural regeneration. The objective is to obtain natural regeneration on a site beneath individually selected trees or small clumps of trees distributed uniformly over the site.

Species preference is as follows:

  • Western hemlock
  • Western red cedar
  • Western white pine
  • Douglas-fir
  • Sitka Spruce
  • Lodgepole pine for wet areas that won’t grow anything else
Quinault Regeneration Program | Quinault Forestry Department
Tree Improvement Tech Mitch Bumgarner shows his work

Each unit is surveyed upon completion of the first growing season to quickly determine the need for replanting or animal protection. Each unit is then formally inventoried on completion of the second and fifth growing season. Both the 2- and 5-year inventory information is used to assess the need for replanting, animal protection, conifer release, and fertilization.

The fifth year inventory is specifically used to compare stocking densities to minimum acceptable stocking requirements as outlined in the QIN Forest Practice Regulations. There are no minimum height requirements. If a stand is deemed free-to-grow, the Quinault Roads Manager will review the timber sale for any road closures, culverts that need pulling and/or bridge removal, where necessary. A 10-15 year survey will be conducted on selected units for the purpose of pre-commercial thinning, and or fertilization.

Forestry Manager, Jim Plampin  »  360.276.8215 x7290

Silviculturist, Jimmy Hargrove, Jr  »  360.276.8215 x7621

Regeneration Forester, Chelsea Tougas  »  360.276.8215 x7622

Regeneration Technician, Cheryl Bumgarner  »  360.276.8215 x7285

Planning Forester,   »  360.276.8215 x7512

Additional Quinault Regeneration Resources:

Quinault 2017 Forest Management Plan

Quinault Roads, Rock & Gravel Program

Quinault Silviculture Program

U.S. Forest Service

WA Farm Forestry Association

Forest Seedling Network