Quinault Regeneration Program
The Quinault Regeneration Program is using science-based research and collaboration to keep the trees as well as the wildlife habitat of the Quinault Indian Nation forests healthy. Building timber harvest plans that minimize environmental impact, the Quinault Regeneration Program is committed to being stewards for the water, soil and wildlife of working forests.
The major goal of the Quinault Regeneration Program is to establish healthy, fully stocked stands within 2 years of harvest that reach free to grow status by the fifth growing season. The desired stocking at the time of planting is 400 trees per acre, on the lower reservation and North Boundary and a mix of 70% spruce or conifer and 30% red alder in the floodplains.
Quinault Regeneration Stocking Levels
In the floodplains where conifer can be established the desired species mix and stocking levels will vary. Sitka spruce will be the primary conifer planted with a mix of red alder to lessen the impacts of the spruce tip weevil. The density of the two species will vary; red alder at approximately 100 trees per acre and spruce at approximately 300 trees per acre. The regeneration discussion is broken into seven components including:
- Composition of species planted
- Contract specifications and activities surrounding nursery stock
- Planting contracts and monitoring requirements
- Seed tree retention and selection criteria
- Post-harvest regeneration monitoring requirements, the need for fertilizer
- Conifer release requirements and techniques
Other considerations when selecting species to plant include water drainage, amount of vegetation present or expected, aspect, location (e.g., floodplain or upland, coastal or inland), and browse by elk (larger planting stock).
Quinault Regeneration Program Nurseries
Nurseries are usually visited twice a year, once in the spring to assess germination and transplanting and again in the fall to assess growth, morphology, physiology, vigor, inventory, and pack out and delivery plans. When the seedlings are delivered to the Quinault Regeneration Program, lots are sampled to measure stem height, root length, caliper, and general health and form of the seedlings.
Site preparation may be necessary to increase the amount of planting spots needed to meet reforestation objectives. After harvest is completed the Quinault Regeneration Forester will determine if site preparation is needed by conducting a walk through in the logging unit. After the walk through, it will be determined if all or portions of a logging unit may need site preparation. If the walk through is insufficient then the area will be inventoried for plantable spots.
Quinault Regeneration Seed Trees
Seed trees may be retained within clear-cut units on low sites to assist with the artificial regeneration program, and be either distributed across the stand at 2 to 15 trees per acre (if available) or clumped to facilitate regeneration efforts. If no suitable seed trees can be located, and if suitable seed trees are lacking around the stand edge, then the clear-cut area may be aerial seeded in conjunction with artificial and natural regeneration. The objective is to obtain natural regeneration on a site beneath individually selected trees or small clumps of trees distributed uniformly over the site.
Species preference is as follows:
- Western hemlock
- Western red cedar
- Western white pine
- Finally, lodgepole pine and Pacific silver fir, if others are not available
Each unit is surveyed upon completion of the first growing season to quickly determine the need for replanting or animal protection. Each unit is then formally inventoried on completion of the second and fifth growing season. Both the 2- and 5-year inventory information is used to assess the need for replanting, animal protection, conifer release, and fertilization.
The fifth year inventory is specifically used to compare stocking densities to minimum acceptable stocking requirements as outlined in the QIN Forest Practice Regulations. There are no minimum height requirements. If a stand is deemed free-to-grow, the Quinault Roads Manager will review the timber sale for any road closures, culverts that need pulling and/or bridge removal, where necessary. A 10-15 year survey will be conducted on selected units for the purpose of pre-commercial thinning, conifer release, and or fertilization.
Forestry Manager, Jim Plampin » 360.276.8215 x290
Regeneration Forester, Jim Hargrove, Jr » 360.276.8215
Regeneration Technician, Cheryl Bumgarner » 360.276.8215 x285
Planning Forester, Cynthia Harbison » 360.276.8215 x512
Additional Quinault Regeneration Resources: